Sordoceguera – Definición
Deafblindness is a disability that results from the combination of two sensory deficiencies (visual and auditory), which generates in people who suffer from unique communication problems and special needs derived from the difficulty to perceive in a way global, know, and therefore be interested and develop in their environment.
According to law 27/2007, of 23 of october, by which recognize the languages of Spanish signs and regulate the means of support to the oral communication of the deaf people, with hearing impairment and deafblind, the latter would be defined as: “they are those People with a combined vision and hearing impairment that hinders their access to information, communication and Mobility. This disability seriously affects the daily skills necessary for a minimally autonomous life, requires specialized services, staff specifically trained for your attention and special communication methods. “
Some deafblind people are completely deaf and blind, while others have auditory and/or visual remains. In any case, the effect of incommunication and disconnection with the world that produces the combination of the two deficiencies is such that the person deafblind has serious difficulties in accessing information, education, professional training, work, Social life and cultural activities.
In the case of people deafblind of birth, or those who acquire deafblindness at an early age, the situation is complicated by the fact that there may be additional problems that affect their personality or behavior. Such complications further reduce your chances of taking advantage of any visual-to-auditory Rest.
From all this it follows that the deafblindness is a disability with its own entity and that the people deafblind require specialized services, personnel specifically formed for their attention and special methods of communication to cope with the Activities of Everyday Life.
This conclusion necessarily leads to the recognition of deafblindness as a different disability resulting from the combination of the two sensory deficiencies and not as the sum of Both. From this perspective, deafblindness is recognised as a specific Disability. This is reflected in the declaration i/2004 of the European Parliament and in the proposal not of law 161/000800 of the Spanish Parliament (november 28, 2005).
As part of the previous work carried out internationally for the recognition of deafblindness, the DBI agreed a resolution during the XII World Conference on Deafblindness of the dbi, in July 1999.
Resolution agreed at the twelfth World Conference of DEAFBLIND INTERNATIONAL, DBI, PORTUGAL 1999
Deafblind International appeals to national governments around the world, so that when considering the definition of disabilities and descriptions of their different categories, they recognize deafblindness in a specific way.
Deafblindness is a combination of visual impairment and hearing Impairment.
This recognition should be included within the legislation and should refer to the particular needs of deafblind persons, who are different from the needs of people with a single sensory deficiency.
DbI, July 1999
At the state level is estimated by comparative statistics with other countries of the European Union that there are 15 people deafblind per 100,000 inhabitants, This would mean that in Spain there would be some 6,000 people deafblind